jetc.dev Newsletter Issue #117
beta02 is out already for Compose and Wear Compose!
We also look at
Canvas() including animating its rendered output. We examine
Google Fonts, MVI, and composables that return stuff. We look at some Detekt rules
for coding style and an experiment in generating PowerPoint presentations from composables.
And I look at a possibly-forthcoming library from the fine folks at Block that does a Compose UI…
without Compose UI.
Reviewing the release notes for the latest Jetpack Compose update!
Surprisingly, we already have
One change seen in the commits, if not the actual released artifacts, is that we
may soon have a new
at our disposal. This adds
Perfetto traces to Compose,
though it appears that we may need some Studio improvements to take advantage
Beyond that, though, very little shows up in the
1.2.0-beta02 release notes.
Wear Compose also has a
beta02 release. Mostly, this has bug fixes, though it
also changes the various
Chip() composables to be sized according to their contents
by default, rather than always having their width fill the container.
One Off the Stack, One Off the Slack
You’ve got questions. That’s understandable!
I wasn’t a fan of any of the answered Stack Overflow questions this week, so let’s head right to Slack!
Is it better to have larger classes used in fewer
State objects, or smaller classes
used in more
State objects? As often is the case, the answer is “it depends”, but
see what Google’s Leland Richardson thinks in this week’s highlighted Kotlinlang
#compose Slack thread.
Posts, videos, and other new information related to Jetpack Compose!
Google’s Rebecca Franks looks at
Animatable and using it to control the angle and
color of a rounded rectangle drawn on a
Canvas(), as a demonstration of how
much easier basic animated effects are in Compose UI.
Lucca Beurmann writes about using sealed classes to represent view states, such as the classic loading/content/error state triad. Lucca reviews how you emit and react to those states, previewing composables based on state, and writing tests for these different types of state.
James Shvarts returns, looking at the naming conventions behind composable functions
and how that ties into whether the function returns
Unit or something else. If
your reaction to that is “all composable functions should return
Unit“… you probably
want to read this post!
Jesús Daniel Medina Cruz explores MVI and compares it to one flavor of MVVM, emphasizing MVI’s approach to having a unidirectional data flow. Jesús specifically examines Orbit-MVI as a way of reducing the boilerplate required of an MVI implementation.
Other Interesting Links
- Medium: LazyColumn with indexing for Jetpack Compose
- Medium: Jetpack Glance Part5: Widget State and Preference
- Medium: Migrate to Jetpack Compose from XML
- Medium: Android Custom Dialog using jetpack compose
100% pure code!
The KODE team has put together a half-dozen rules for Detekt that help enforce
composable coding conventions, such as where
modifier goes in the parameter list
heightIn() for composables containing
Fatih Giriş released a toolkit for creating PowerPoint presentations (PPTX files) using composables, because what the world needs is more PowerPoint presentations.
Andre Claßen brings us a
ReorderableLazyListState and a
reorderable() modifier to
LazyRow() to have its items be reordered. Andre’s library
also has support for reordering items in a
LazyGrid() using a related mechanism.
Other Interesting Links
- GitHub: devDebajo / staggered_lazy_column (staggered grid)
- GitHub: raipankaj / Chip (text with rounded rectangle background)
- GitHub: akshay2211 / rang-vikalp (minimalist color picker)
- GitHub: ivaniskandar / compose-fastscroller (FastScroller ported from
- GitHub: ch4rl3x / settings-compose (preferences-backed composable widgets)
…And One More Thing
Some of the most interesting innovation in Compose comes from projects applying
Compose to things beyond the official Compose UI. Some of that is official, such
as Glance for app widgets and Wear OS tiles. Some of that is from the community,
such as Jake Wharton’s Mosaic, a console UI
powered by Compose, or molecule, CashApp’s
library for having composable functions be the driver of content through a
They seem to be at it again, this time with a project named “redwood”.
Based on Jake’s description in Kotlinlang Slack, redwood is a Compose-powered UI engine, but not using the official Compose UI framework. Rather, redwood expects you to provide the underlying implementations of a design system, down to how you intend that to be rendered in some UI toolkit. The redwood project lets you build UIs using that design system.
In theory, Compose UI can implement any design system. In practice, Compose Material is the only realistic choice if you want something that works “out of the box”. If you want to deviate from what Compose Material gives you, you wind up having to implement lots of composables from scratch, perhaps using the Compose Material implementations as inspiration. It would appear that the redwood project is saying “well, if you have to do all of that, use a framework designed around that premise”. The downside is a lot of custom code to maintain, but you get absolute control as a benefit.
From the description, it sounds like they hope that redwood will be released as open source before the end of 2022, probably late in the year. The quality of the open source projects from Square and CashApp is exceptionally high, so it will be interesting to see what redwood turns out to look like and whether it is something that might become popular.
- 2022-09-13: Compose updates! Tracking down and fixing recompositions! Maestro! Redwood! Molecule! And Twitter's rules for composables!
- 2022-09-06: Snapshots! A Glance support library! Measuring and drawing! Swipe-to-dismiss! Speed dials! And... a redwood sighting?!?
- 2022-08-30: Android 13 per-app language support! Performance optimizations! Expandable lists! MVI! Zooming! Steppers! And... another Compose beta? Already?!?