jetc.dev Newsletter Issue #69
This week, we look at creating composables for a Sudoku grid, internationalization concerns, and scaleable animations. We stagger around lazily with a grid, and we create a Chrome extension using Compose for Web. Plus, we spend a lot of time on navigation, including a look at why everybody seems cranky about that subject.
One Off the Stack, One Off the Slack
You’ve got questions. That’s understandable!
Finding the Compose UI equivalent of a classic
View solution is sometimes a problem…
particularly when the solution depends on a specific order of modifiers. In this case,
Column() that both scrolls yet honors a
Spacer() to have a bottom-aligned
element can be tricky, as we see in this week’s highlighted Stack Overflow question.
Do we use Compose’s
MutableState? Do we use coroutines’
Both? Neither?!? Google’s Adam Powell tries to give us some guidance in this
week’s highlighted Kotlinlang
#compose Slack thread.
Posts, videos, and other new information related to Jetpack Compose!
Navigation in Compose is a popular topic.
In this post, Jossi Wolf explores the basics of working with Navigation for Compose, including the details of how Navigation for Compose layers atop the existing Jetpack Navigation library. Jossi also looks at navigation arguments, separating navigation from composables, and more!
Did I mention that navigation in Compose is a popular topic?
Here, Roman Levinzon also looks at Navigation for Compose, with a focus on arguments. However,
Roman was unsatisfied with the state of arguments support and elected to create
safe-routing library that supplies
a annotation processor to code-generate a lot of the navigation boilerplate around
Adib Faramarzi wrote a Sudoku app in Compose UI and wrote up the experience, including crafting stateless composables, creating decorators through wrapper composables, and applying modifiers in custom composables.
Alexander Berezhnoi offers some opinions on migrating a traditional Android app
to Compose UI and Compose Material. Alexander makes the case for when (and when not)
to migration, whether to use
AndroidView(), and how to work around
various issues, such as the lack of menu and preference APIs.
The team at Phrase wrote a massive post on internationalization in Compose UI, looking at
how Compose integrates with classic Android i18n solutions, such as string and plural resources,
DateTimeFormatter. The post also looks at how to flexibly handle whitespace and widget sizes
in Compose UI, to handle translated text of varying lengths.
Halil Ozercan is back, with another look at animations and the
Canvas() API. However,
this post focuses more on the state management surrounding the elements to be animated,
and how to tie changes in that state to frame drawing rates, so the animation can scale
its complexity with the capabilities of the device and its display.
Mark Allison continues his exploration of Compose UI and the list/detail pattern. This time,
Mark starts trying to test the composables, including how to revise composables to be more
testable and how to use
createAndroidComposeRule() to write Compose UI instrumented tests.
Other Interesting Links
100% pure code!
Routing requests to composables is going to be a bit different in Compose for Web than in the Android or desktop counterparts. Navigation for Compose is Android-specific and is of little use with Compose for Web. So, Philip Wedemann is experimenting with creating a composable router designed from the ground up for use with Compose for Web.
…And One More Thing
It feels like navigation is going to be a problem for a while.
Originally, when a handful of navigation libraries were developed by the community, my expectation was that once the official Navigation for Compose was released, that would become the de facto choice for Compose UI developers. That has not seemed to be the case: between wrappers around Navigation for Compose or replacements for it, we are still “in the woods” trying to settle on a primary option.
Some developers are not happy with Navigation for Compose, for various reasons:
In some cases, it is missing features, such as transition animations. For many developers, those animations are “nice to haves”, but for others, they are essential. And, if Navigation for Compose does not (yet) offer them, developers will need to roll their own solution. While this specific problem is on the docket to be addressed in the coming months, other missing features might not be.
In some cases, it is confusion surrounding existing features. Some Google engineers say you should only use identifiers in navigation routes for arguments. The documentation indicates otherwise.
In some cases, it is a discrepancy between Google and a portion of the developer ecosystem. Navigation for Compose is tied fairly tightly to Android. That is fine if you intend to use Compose UI purely for Android app development. If you wish to support other targets, such as Compose for Desktop, you need an Android-free navigation solution. Navigation for Compose is an offshoot of Jetpack’s Navigation library, and that has always been for Android… yet it feels like there was a missed opportunity here.
In some cases, it is history. Jetpack’s Navigation component has its fans and its detractors. Those who disliked it in classic Android app development are unlikely to be excited by using it with Compose UI.
Some might wonder whether we need a single popular navigation solution. Indeed, we might be able to live with lots of solutions for a while. Perhaps one solution will rise above the rest with time — whether that solution is Navigation for Compose, some other supported option (e.g., from JetBrains), or a community solution.
The challenge is in transfer of knowledge from project to project. Learning the API
surface of a project’s design system will be a big enough problem. Adding a bespoke or
unusual navigation framework adds to the learning curve. My fear is that we wind up
in a situation where two projects share few directly-used APIs beyond the
and a handful of core elements like
If this sort of thing concerns you, make sure that your projects have good documentation. Newcomers to the project need ways to blend their existing Compose knowledge with the specifics of how things get done in your project, including how you send your users from screen to screen within your app.
- 2023-01-24: Locales! Relay! Effects! Paging! Foldables! Permissions! Date pickers! Bi-directional scrolling! And what your MaterialTheme means... for your SwiftUI code?!?
- 2023-01-17: New Compose patches and alphas! Dealing with Navigation for Compose! Scaffolds! QR codes! Server-defined UI! And @firstname.lastname@example.org has joined the BOM squad! 😁 💥
- 2023-01-10: onNewIntent() and composables! ContactsContract and composables! Balloons! QR codes! Pencils! And a focus on focus!